Types of Network Topologies with Examples


There are mainly six types of Network Topologies which are explained below. Network Topology examples are also given below.

Network Topology Types and Examples


The main types of topology are,

1.      Bus Topology
2.      Ring Topology
3.      Star Topology
4.      Mesh Topology
5.      TREE Topology
6.      Hybrid Topology



Bus Topology


It is the simplest network topology among all topologies. In this topology, all computers and networking devices are connected to a single Backbone Cable. In the below figure you can see the diagram of Bus Topology.

Bus Topology, Network Topology Types and Examples


In a bus topology, data can flow in one direction only. Bust topology is the most cost-effective topology than other topologies because of less cable required, and simple and easy installation, administration.

Example of Bus Topology


The 10BASE-2 network is an example of bus topology which is used in earlier days. Nowadays the bus topology is not used.





Ring Topology


In the Ring Topology, all the computers and networking devices are connected in a circular path or closed loop. The last end of the network is connected to the first end. In the below figure, you can see the diagram of the ring topology.

Ring Topology, Network Topology Types and Examples


In the ring topology, the data transmission is unidirectional. When data transmitted between two devices, the data packet flows through all the nodes in the network so there is a chance of data loss. Sometimes repeater is used in a ring topology to prevent and reduce the data loss.


Example of Ring Topology


SONET Ring Network is an example of Ring Topology. SONET stands for Synchronous Optical Network.








Star Topology


In the star topology, all the computers and networking devices are connected to a single hub. This single hub act as the central hub for all computers. You can see the diagram of star topology in the below figure.

Star topology, Network Topology Types and Examples


Data always transmits through the central hub that means when a sender sends data, it will flow through the central hub and goes to the receiver. The central hub in star topology act as a repeater. The whole network depends upon the single hub. The central hub may be a  router or switch.

Example of Star Topology


Star topology is mostly used for LAN(Local Area Network). In a small area, building, home, office, etc LAN networking with star topology system is used.





Mesh Topology


In the Mesh Topology, all devices are connected to each other so here a point to point connection is formed between networking devices. In the below figure you can see the diagram of Mesh Topology.

mesh topology, Network Topology Types and Examples


In the mesh topology, data transmission is based on two techniques that are Routing and Flooding. Mesh topology is classified into two types that are Partial-Mesh Topology and Full Mesh Topology. Mesh topology required more cables that is why the cost of this network topology is very high than other topologies. 


Example of Mesh Topology


ALOHA, FabFi networking systems are the example of Mesh Topology. The wireless connection between mobile, computers. laptops can be said an example of mesh topology.






TREE Topology


The networking topology based on the hierarchy technique is called Tree Topology. Here you can see the diagram of Tree Topology in the below figure.

tree topology, Network Topology Types and Examples


The Tree topology is best for wide area network. Here adding and removing nodes are very easy and simple. The administration process is also very simple. Fault can be found easily. The management of the whole network is divided into each networking devices or computer of that network.


Example of TREE Topology


Corporate Network mainly based on the TREE Topology which helps to maintain the management system.


Hybrid Topology


When a network is made by mixing two or more topologies then it is called Hybrid Topology. Here you can see the diagram of the hybrid network topology in the below figure.

Hybrid Topology, Network Topology Types and Examples


The largest network uses a hybrid topology. The hybrid topology is very flexible and effective. The cost of the whole network is very very high. The network is very complex in design. More security system is needed in this topology system.


Example of Hybrid Topology


Our great INTERNET is an example of a hybrid topology.




Thank you for visiting the website. keep visiting for more updates.

Types of Network Topologies with Examples Types of Network Topologies with Examples Reviewed by ETechnoG on 11:11 Rating: 5
Powered by Blogger.