[Explained] Inverter Block Diagram and Working Principle


Hey, in this article we are going to see the Inverter Block diagram and will discuss the working principle of an inverter. Here you can see the simple block diagram of inverter with proper symbolization. In simple words, an electrical inverter is an electrical or power electronic circuit that converts DC power into AC power. There are different types of inverter available. According to the output waveform, there are three types of inverter, sine wave, modified sine wave, and square wave. According to the phase, there are also two types of inverter, single-phase and three-phase.


Inverter Block Diagram


Here you can see a simple block diagram of an inverter with a battery and battery charger included.

Inverter Block Diagram, block diagram of inverter


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Inverter Working Principle


According to the above diagram, there are two main sections in the circuit - 1. Battery Charger Section 2. Inverter Section and it having a changeover switch also.

Battery Charger Section


You can see the battery charger section there are three blocks -

Step Down Transformer


It steps down the main ac voltage to the appropriate voltage is to be used for battery charging, it may be 12V or 24V.

Rectifier


It converts the stepped down AC voltage into DC. It consists of PN junction diodes. The bridge rectifier circuit is mostly used for rectification purposes.

DC Filter


It generally uses an electrolytic polarised capacitor to filter the DC voltage. Actually, the output of the rectifier circuit is not purely DC, there is some AC ripple available. So to get the pure DC power to properly charge the battery we need to use the DC filter circuit.


Inverter Section


The inverter section contains a total of five blocks - 

Oscillator


It provides the oscillating signal to the driver. This means it creates the pulse signals at 50Hz and fed to the driver circuit.

Driver Circuit


It operates the SCR or MOSFETs of the switching amplifier circuit to convert the DC power into a high-frequency AC signal.

Switching Amplifier Circuit


It converts the DC power into high-frequency AC power. It sends the DC power to the center-tapped transformer in such a way that, it experiences Ac power is applied.

Inverter Step Up Transformer


It steps up the AC voltage into rated output voltage means 230V. Generally, a center-tapped step-up transformer is used for this.

AC Filter


It filters the output of the step-up transformer. The step-up AC voltage produced by the step-up transformer is not pure, so it cannot be used for the load as it can cause damage to the load. So we need to use an AC filter circuit to filter the AC voltage produced by the inverter.


Transfer or Changeover Switch


When the main power supply is available the changeover switch keeps connected the load with the main power supply and at the same time battery also charging. When the main power supply falls the changeover switch disconnects the load from the main power supply and connects it to the inverter output.


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[Explained] Inverter Block Diagram and Working Principle [Explained] Inverter Block Diagram and Working Principle Reviewed by Author on 2/15/2021 Rating: 5
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