Transistor Diagram, Parts and Terminals


The transistor is an electronic semiconductor device that acts as an amplifier or an electronic switch. It is the most important and useful electronic component of electronics engineering. Almost all the electronic devices use transistors, in fact without a transistor digital circuit can not be built. A typical transistor is a three layers device and has a minimum of three terminals to connect it with an external electrical or electronic circuit. A transistor can work as both amplifiers and switch in analog circuits and works as a switch in digital circuits. The transistor is invited in 1947 and changed the world of technology and engineering.

Transistor Parts


There are different types of transistors are available according to their construction, characteristics, and working principle. Here, we will talk about BJT or Bipolar Junction Transistor. The term bolar implies that here both carriers mean electrons and holes are responsible for the current conduction. It is the most common low power transistor. On the other hand, in a unijunction transistor, anyone either hole or electron is responsible for the current conduction. There are two types of Bipolar Junction Transistor - PNP Transistor and NPN Transistor. The basic three parts of these both types of the transistor are,
  1. Semiconductor Layers(P-type layer or N-type Layer)
  2. Junction
  3. Terminals
The PNP transistor is made of two P-type layers and one N-type layer whereas the NPN Transistor is made of two N-type layers and one P-Type Layer.

The junction in a transistor is the barrier that initially resists the flowing of electric current. By applying a voltage across it and varying the applied the flow of current can be controlled.

The terminals help to connect all the layers of the transistor to the external circuit.


Transistor Terminals


There are mainly three terminals of a Bipolar Junction Transistor,
  1. Collector
  2. Base
  3. Emitter

The collector is the positive lead of the transistor whereas the emitter is the negative lead of the transistor and the base is common, generally it is connected to the ground. 

Filed effect transistor has three terminals named as,

Here, you can see the diagram of the NPN Transistor,

NPN Transistor Diagram and Parts, Diagram of Transistor, terminals of transistor, parts of a transistor


The figure (1) shows the actual physical diagram and terminals of the NPN transistor. If you hold the transistor flat side toward your face then the left side terminal is collector, the middle terminal is base and the right side terminal is the emitter. The figure (2) shows the symbolic diagram of the NPN Transistor. And the figure (3) shows the constructional diagram. Here, you can see, it has two n-type layers and one p-type layer. Also, you can see it have three layers and two junctions. Both n-type layers are connected to the collector and emitter whereas the p-type layer is connected to the base.


Here, you can see the diagram of the PNP Transistor,

PNP Transistor Diagram and Parts, Diagram of a transistor, Transistor terminals


You can see in the PNP transistor, there are two p-type layers and one n-type layer. The p-type layers are connected to the collector and emitter whereas the n-type layer is connected to the base.


Read Also: 

Thank you for visiting the website. keep visiting for more updates.

Transistor Diagram, Parts and Terminals Transistor Diagram, Parts and Terminals Reviewed by Author on 11/12/2021 Rating: 5
Powered by Blogger.