What is Air Conditioning System? Diagram, Applications


Hi, in this article we are going to learn about the air conditioning system. Air conditioning is a very important part of an HVAC System. An HVAC system consists of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. The air conditioning system also consists of so many parts. In this article, we also see the basic diagram of an air conditioning system to understand its working principle easily.


What is Air Conditioning System?


An air conditioning system is a process to make a particular place comfortable by maintaining the temperature, humidity, and air purity within a limit. An air conditioning system mainly cooled a space by removing existing heat from that space. This process is mainly used to make a comfortable space for either humans or animals or plants even machinery or equipment also. The air conditioning system is not a simple process. There are many mechanisms and laws behind an air conditioning system. In simple, you can understand it removes heat from space by exchanging the air. Yes, it takes out the hot air from the space and fills it with cool air.

The main objectives of an Air Conditioning System,

  1. Maintain Temperature
  2. Maintain Humidity
  3. Maintain Air Purity


Main Parts of an Air Conditioning System


The main function of an air conditioning system is to maintain temperature, humidity, and air purity. So, the cooling mechanism is an important part of the air conditioning system that helps to reduce the temperature. 

Another important part is the evaporating system. The evaporating system helps to remove excess water particles or moisture from the air inside your room to control the humidity.

The last is air purification. So, the air filtration system is a very important part of an air conditioning system. It helps to reduce the dust particles, contaminated particles from the indoor air.




How does an Air Conditioning System Works? Working Principle


Actually, there are different types of Air conditioning system and all of them works in different principle. Anyway, here we will discuss the conventional method of air conditioning.

An air conditioning system works on the principle of thermodynamics law and uses a vapor compression refrigeration system. Generally, an air conditioning system has a condenser coil, evaporator coil, compressor. These all are connected in a closed-loop system by pipeline. And this pipeline is filled with compressed refrigerant. When the compressor is running condition, the refrigerant is flowing continuously. 

The main function of the evaporator coil is to extract heat from the indoor air and transferred it to the refrigerant. Also, it removes water particles from the air and drained them through the drain line. The main function of the condenser coil is to extract heat from the refrigerant and left it to outdoor air. Thus the heat is removed from the indoor to outdoor air, and the indoor space will be cooled. The air conditioning system also has cooling fans to circulate the airflow and air filters to remove the dust particles from the air.


Air Conditioning System Diagram


Here, you can see the diagram of Air Conditioning System.

Air Conditioning System Diagram, Diagram of Air Conditioning System



From this diagram, you can easily understand the working principle of the Air Conditioning System. Here, you can see the evaporator coil is placed indoor or inside of the room, and the condenser coil is placed outdoor or outside of the room.


Applications Air Conditioning System


The application of Air conditioning systems is everywhere from our home to office, cars, shopping malls, theaters, etc.
Generally, Split Air conditioners and Window AC are used in our homes, small offices, etc.

Ductable Air Conditioner, Variable Refrigerant Volume, or VRV Air Conditioners are used in large offices, shopping malls, etc.

Central Air Conditioning System including Chiller, Heat Pump, AHUs are used in the large industrial purpose for manufacturing or mass production systems.


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What is Air Conditioning System? Diagram, Applications What is Air Conditioning System? Diagram, Applications Reviewed by Author on 9/03/2021 Rating: 5
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