Different Types of Electronic Components Examples, Function, Use


In this article, we are going to learn about different types of electronic components and their function, use, applications. There are various types of electronic components and they are categorized by their properties, application areas, and function. For example, according to the direction of current flow electronic components are categorized into two types such as unidirectional components and bidirectional components. Same, electronic components are categorized as - active components, passive components, linear components, nonlinear components, unilateral components, bilateral components, polarized components, nonpolarized components, unipolar components, bipolar components, etc.

Examples of Electronic Component


The most usable electronic component examples are,
  • Resistor
  • Capacitor
  • Inductor
  • Diode
  • Transistors
  • SCR
  • IGBT
  • MOSFET
  • Crystal Oscillator
  • Different types of ICs




Most usable electronic components function and use


Resistor


A resistor is a very well know basic electrical or electronic component. Almost all electronic circuits are consist of electronic components.

electronic component resistor


Resistor Function


The main function of a resistor is to oppose or limit the flow of current. A resistor also can convert electrical energy into heat energy.


Resistor Properties


1. Resistor is a passive component as it does not required any external power supply for its operation.

2. Resistor is a bidirectional component as it allows the flow of current in both directions.

3. Resistor also comes under the nonpolarized component as it does not have any fixed polarity.

4. Resistor is a linear component as its voltage-current characteristics are linear.

5. Resistor can be categorized as a bilateral component as its characteristics remain same when polarity of the applied power supply reversed.


Resistor Use


There is a huge application of resistors in electrical and electronic circuits such as LED drivers, chargers, regulator circuits, etc.




Capacitor


A capacitor is also a very well-known basic electronic component. A capacitor has a very important role in electronic circuits.

Capacitor Function


The main function of a capacitor is to store the electrical energy in form of charge. The other function of a capacitor is to block the DC current and allow the AC current.


Capacitor Properties


1. Capacitor does not required any external power supply that is why it is also called passive component.

2. Generally, capacitor has low internal resistance it oppose the flow of current by its capacitive reactance property.

3. A normal capacitor shows the same characteristics when the power supply across it is reversed. So, it comes under the examples of bilateral components.

4. There are both polarized and nonpolarized capacitors available. Most of the electrolytic capacitors are polarized in nature whereas most of the ceramic capacitors are nonpolarized in nature.

Capacitor Use


Capacitors are used in electrical circuits for power factor improvement, protection systems, filtration, etc. Capacitors are also used in electronic circuits for energy storing, noise elimination, tunning circuits, timing circuits, etc.




Inductor


An inductor is made of a coil of conductive wire. It is a basic component used in electrical circuits as well as electronic circuits.

Inductor Function


The main function of an inductor is to oppose the changes in the flow of current through it. Also, it converts electrical energy into magnetic energy.


Inductor Properties


1. Inductor also a passive component as it does not required any external power supply for its operation.

2. Inductor blocks the alternating current by its inductive reactance property and allows the direct current to flow through it.

3. An inductor allows the flow of current in both directions that is why it can be called as a bidirectional component.

4. The voltage-current characteristics of an inductor is linear so it can be called as a linear component.


Inductor Use


Inductors are used in electrical and electronics circuits for current limiting, noise elimination, filtration, tunning, etc.




Diode

 
A diode is an electronic component made of semiconductor materials. The diode also has a very important role in electronic circuits and is used in many places.

Diode Function


The main function of a diode is to allow the flow of current through it in one direction only.

Diode Properties


1. Diode act as an inductor for forward current flow and act as an insulator for reverse current flow.

2. The voltage-current characteristics of a diode are not linear that is why it is called as a nonlinear component.

3. As the diode allows the flow of current in one direction only, it is called as unidirectional component.

4. An external supply or biasing is required for the operation of a diode, so it is called as a active component.

5. A diode has a fixed polarity, and its polarity is a very important factor when connecting in a circuit. So the diode comes under the polarized component.


Diode Use


The main application of a diode is for rectification. So diodes are mostly used in rectifier circuits. 




Transistor


A transistor is also a semiconductor device or component. It has a minimum of three terminals. There are both voltage-operated and current operated transistors are available.

electronic component transistor


Transistor Function


The main function of a transistor is to amplify and switching the electrical or electronic signals.

Transistor Properties


1. Transistor need an external voltage or biasing for its operation, that is why it is called as an active component.

2. The voltage-current characteristics of a transistor are not linear, so it is called as a nonlinear device.

3. A transistor is the combination of two PN Junction diodes, so it also allows the flow of current in one direction only. So it can be called as a unidirectional device.

Transistor Use


In analog electronic circuits, transistors are used for amplification purposes such as amplifier circuits. In digital electronic circuits, transistors are used for switching purposes such as logic gate circuits. 




SCR


SCR full form Silicon Controlled Rectifier. SCR is a power semiconductor device and designed for high voltage and high current operations.

SCR Function


The main function of a SCR is to conduct the current through it only when a pulse or voltage is applied to its gate terminal.

SCR Properties


1. SCR is also an Active component or active device as it required an external voltage for its operation.

2. The voltage-current characteristics of an SCR are not linear so it can be called as an non linear device.

3. The characteristics of an SCR got changed when the power supply across it reversed.

SCR Use


SCRs are used in electronic chopper circuits, controlled rectifier circuits, inverter circuits, motor controller circuits etc.




Crystal Oscillator


Crystal Oscillator is an electronic component that generates oscillating signals. Some special electronic circuits required a crystal oscillator for their operation.

Crystal Oscillator Function


The main function of a crystal oscillator is to generate oscillating signals.


Crystal Oscillator Properties


1. When a voltage is applied across a crystal oscillator, it starts to vibrate and generate the oscillating signal.

2. Crystal oscillator is an active device.


Crystal Oscillator Use


Crystal oscillator used to provide clock pulse signal to the processor devices such as microprocessor, microcontroller, etc.




Integrated Circuit or IC


An integrated circuit or IC is a chip made of semiconductor material that consists of multiple electronic components internally connected. Integrated circuits have so many functions as it consists of different types of electronic components.

Integrated Circuit or IC


Integrated Circuit Use


Integrated circuits or ICs are used in complex electronic circuits, programming devices, etc.


Read Also: 

Thank you for visiting the website. keep visiting for more updates.

Different Types of Electronic Components Examples, Function, Use Different Types of Electronic Components Examples, Function, Use Reviewed by Author on 8/30/2021 Rating: 5
Powered by Blogger.