OR Gate Internal Circuit Design, Truth Table, Symbol

OR Gate 


OR gate is a logic gate, basically, it has two input and one output. The output of the OR gate will be HIGH when anyone input or both input is HIGH. There are also more than two input OR Gates are available.

The logic gates are very important things in digital electronics. In fact, the concepts of digital electronics start with logic gates. Today we are going to discuss what is OR Gate, how can we make OR gate, the internal circuit, truth table, and symbol.




OR Gate Symbol:



OR Gate Symbol


The concept of OR Gate:



We know that in Digital Electronics, the signal has two states HIGH or LOW. The states of the digital signals are also represented by the binary number '1' and '0'. Suppose in a digital circuit power supply and a load connected. We can allow or stop the flow of current from the power supply to the load by a switch. When we allow flowing of current from the supply to load then it is called the signal is high and when we stop then it is called the signal is low. 
This is the concept of the states of the digital signal.



Let's understand the concept of OR gate with a basic OR Gate which has two input and one output. When we apply a HIGH signal to only one input or both input of the OR Gate the Logic OR Gate creates a HIGH signal to its output. But if we apply a LOW signal to both inputs of the OR gate then the OR gate creates a LOW signal to its output. 

As we represent the High signal as '1' and Low signal as '0' so you can understand the operation of the OR Gate from the Truth Table of OR gate.

Truth Table of OR Gate:



The inputs of the OR Gate are represented by 'A' and 'B' and 'C'. The output of the OR Gate is represented by 'Q'

Truth Table of Two Input OR Gate:




A
B
Q
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1



The Boolean expression for Two Input OR Gate is, Q = (A+B)




Truth Table of Three Input OR Gate:




A
B
C
Q
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1


The Boolean expression for Three Input OR Gate is, Q = (A+B+C)

How Logic OR Gates are Made?



We can make a logic gate using PN Junction Diodes or Transistors. Actually, the logic gates are made using transistors which comes in the form of ICs.

Now let's know how to make OR Gate using Diodes and Transistors. The circuits which are given below not same as the OR Gate ICs. To convince you the basic circuits are given below.





Design of Logic OR Gate using Diodes:




Design of Logic OR Gate using Diodes




Here You can see in the above figure, two diodes are used. The outputs of the two diodes are connected together and the output of the whole OR Gate circuit is also connected to the outputs of the Diodes.  Now if we apply a high-level signal to any Diode or both diodes the output of the OR gate circuit will be high.

When we apply a high-level signal to only one diode then the signal passes through that diode and goes to the output, this signal can't pass through the other diode as it will be reverse bias.

Design of Logic OR Gate using Transistors:




Design of Logic OR Gate using Transistors



In the above figure, you can see two Bipolar Junction Transistors are used. The Emitter of each transistor are connected together and the output of the whole OR Gate circuit is also connected to the emitter of the Transistors. The Base terminal of the transistors is taken as input. When we apply a high-level signal to the base of the transistor the current starts flow from collector to emitter.




Design of Multi-Input OR Gate using Two-Inputs OR Gates:



Here six Inputs OR Gate shown below,


Design of Multi-Input OR Gate using Two-Inputs OR Gates



OR Gate ICs:



The Two-input OR Gate IC is: IC 7432
The Three-input OR Gate IC is: IC 4075
The Four-input OR Gate IC is: IC 4072



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OR Gate Internal Circuit Design, Truth Table, Symbol OR Gate Internal Circuit Design, Truth Table, Symbol Reviewed by ETechnoG on 11:03 Rating: 5
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