Electrical Control System Examples, Types


electrical control system examples


The most common examples of electrical control system are,
  1. Air Conditioning System
  2. Light On/Off Control
  3. Refrigeration System
  4. Washing Machines
  5. Remote Control System
  6. Automatic Iron
  7. Automatic Water Level Controller
  8. Automatic Traffic Light System
  9. Automatic Bell
  10. Voltage Stabilizing
  11. Fire alarm System

What is Electrical Control System?


An electrical control system is an interconnection between multiple electrical or electronic devices, and circuits and they work with help of each other to generate the output. An electrical control system has three major parts - 1. Input  2. Proces  3. Output

Input


First of all, we have to provide input to the control system. It may be a command or instruction. The input system of an electrical control system can be given in different ways. For example, in a digital control system, we can give input through a keypad. The other examples of input devices are a switch, microphone, joystick, etc. Basically, the input system is the mediator to provide an input to a control system. The input system may contain conversion devices or circuits such as transducers. The transducer is a device that converts the physical quantity into electrical quantity.

Process


It is the main part of a control system where all the input signals processing. Generally, all the complex control system has a processor that takes all the inputs and feedback signal and then processed them. After processing it generates the output signals. For example, in the automatic traffic light system, generally, a microcontroller is used as a processing unit. Also remember that in the digital control system, the input signal is to be converted. That means if it is in the analog form then it is to be converted into digital form. Because the processor can process digital signals only. So after processing, the generated signal from the processor is again converted into a digital signal.

Output


The output system is that provides a signal from the processor to the outer world. Some output devices are speakers, monitors, actuators, etc. So you may understand, here also transducer required that convert electrical quantity into physical quantity.


Electrical Control System Types


There are major two types of electrical control system,
  1. Open Loop Control System
  2. Closed-Loop Control System

Open Loop Control System


An open-loop control system is that where no connection between output and input. It is a very simple control system. Here, we just need to provide input and we will get output after processing. Light control using a single-pole switch can be an example of open-loop control system, where we just need to turn on or turn off the switch to control the light.


Closed-Loop Control System


Closed loop control system is that where the input is connected to the output through an feedback path. Closed loop control system mostly works automatically. Automatic heater is an example of closed loop system. Closed loop system are complex than open loop systems. The processing unit process both the input signal and feedback signal to generate the output signal. 


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Electrical Control System Examples, Types Electrical Control System Examples, Types Reviewed by Author on 5/16/2022 Rating: 5

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