What is Electric Engine? Definition, Examples, Applications

What is Electric Engine? Definition, Examples, Applications


The Electric Engine is a machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. If we see the definition of the engine, the engine is a machine that converts any form of energy into mechanical. So, as the electrical engine converts electrical energy into mechanical energy that is why it is called an electric engine.

The most common example of an electric engine is the electrical motor.

The electric engine or electric motor is used to drive the mechanical load, to rotate any object, and other so many applications. In electrical engineering, 80 percent of the total power generated is consumed by electrical motors. You can see the applications of electric motors everywhere from domestic to industrial applications.

A single electric motor can be called an electric engine but sometimes an electric engine may be specially designed such as a complete set of fuel cell electric engines consisting of a fuel cell stack, a fuel processor, an air management system, and a variety of BoP components.

There are so many types of engines such as - the most popular internal combustion engine, heat engine, chemical engine, and many others. The heat engine works on the principle of thermodynamics process that converts the heat energy into mechanical energy. The internal combustion engine is a chemical heat engine.


The electric engine or electric motor works on the principle of electromagnetic induction, Lorentz law, Flemmings law, etc. The basic principle of it is when a current-carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field it experiences a force on it and it tends to move.

So, basically, an electric motor has a stator part and a rotor part. In the case of a DC motor, the rotor part consists of an armature coil, commutator, and the stator part consists of field coils. The stator part may consist of a permanent magnet or electromagnet. During the operation, an electrical power supply is to be applied to the armature coil through the brush. Due to the interaction of armature flux and field flux, torque or force will be applied to the rotor or armature and it will start rotating. The direction can be determined by the Flemings left-hand rule.

You will see that internal combustion engines are mostly used in vehicles, trucks, two-wheelers, water pumps, etc whereas the electric engine or electric motor is used in vehicles, elevators, cranes, machines, and so many machines.

The main differences between the electric engines and other engines are,

1. Electric Engine converts electrical energy into mechanical energy whereas other engines convert the other form of energy into mechanical energy.

2. Electric engine lighter than other engines.

3. Other types of engines such as internal combustion engines create more pollution whereas the electric engine does not create any pollution.

4. Internal combustion engine is stronger than the electric engine means for the same size or construction the internal combustion engine can create more energy than an electric engine.

5. Electric engine has fewer internal components than internal combustion engine or other.


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What is Electric Engine? Definition, Examples, Applications What is Electric Engine? Definition, Examples, Applications Reviewed by Author on 2/19/2022 Rating: 5

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