[Explained] Offline and Online UPS Block Diagram


Hey, let's see and understand UPS Block Diagram. In this article, we will discuss the Online UPS Block Diagram and Offline UPS Block Diagram. UPS stands for Uninterruptible Power Supply. UPS is used with the electronic devices which are required to keep on for sometime when the main power supply is suddenly off. UPSs are mostly used with computers. So let's understand the working principle of the Uninterruptible Power Supply from the block diagram of UPS.


Online UPS Block Diagram


Here the block diagram of Online UPS is given below.

Online UPS Block Diagram, UPS Block Diagram, Block diagram of UPS


As you see in the above diagram, there are nine blocks are shown. Let's discuss each block.

EMI Filter: It is made using inductors and capacitor. The main function of this EMI filter circuit is to reduce or filter the electromagnetic interferences.

Rectifier Circuit: The rectifier circuit is used to convert AC to DC. As the UPS has the battery inside it, and the battery can store only DC that is why we need to convert input AC supply into DC.




DC Filter Circuit: The DC filter circuit is used to filter the impure DC comes from the rectifier circuit. The DC output from the rectifier has some AC component. So the filter circuit is used to remove those AC components fro the DC supply.

Battery: The battery is connected with the output of the DC filter circuit. When the UPS is connected to the power supply the battery will charge.

Inverter Circuit: Now we have DC supply but, we need AC supply as output to drive the load. So the inverter circuit is used to convert the DC to AC. The inverter Circuit is made high-speed solid state switches such as MOSFET, SCR, etc. If your load required DC supply then the Inverter Circuit is not required.

AC Filter Circuit: The AC filter circuit is used to filter the impure AC coming from the inverter circuit.

Static Switch: A static switch is connected between the AC filter Circuit and the Critical Load. Which allow or disallow the power flow from the UPS to load according to the given condition.

Another static switch is connected between the critical load and the main power supply after the EMI filter Supply. This switch allows or disallows the power flow from the main supply to the load.

In the case of Online UPS, the lower static switch is normally ON and the upper static is normally OFF. So in normal condition the power flow from the main supply to the load through the total UPS circuitry.  When the main power supply is not available, then the load takes power from the battery.

If the UPS is unable to deliver power to the load then the upper static switch will be ON and the lower Switch will be OFF. So in this case, the power will directly flow from the main supply to the load.



Offline UPS Block Diagram


Here the block diagram of Offline UPS is given below.

Offline UPS Block Diagram, UPS Block Diagram, Block diagram of UPS


You can see the block diagram of Offline UPS is the same as Online UPS. There is a little difference between them.

In the case of Offline UPS, the upper static switch is normally ON and lower static switch is normally OFF. So in normal condition, the power directly flows from the main supply to the load. At the same time, the battery will charge. When the main power supply is not available, the upper static switch will be OFF and the lower static switch will be ON. So the load takes power from the battery.




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[Explained] Offline and Online UPS Block Diagram [Explained] Offline and Online UPS Block Diagram Reviewed by ETechnoG on 11:15 Rating: 5
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