Difference between properties of Resistor, Inductor, and Capacitor
Difference between Resistor, Inductor, and Capacitor
We know that there are three important passive elements which are widely used in the electrical circuit as well as electronic circuit are Resistor, Inductor, and Capacitor. Most of the electrical and electronic circuits consist of resistor, inductor, and capacitor. In this post, we are going to discuss the difference between properties of Resistor, Inductor, and Capacitor which will help you to know more about that components. As an electrical or electronics engineer, you should have a clear knowledge of resistor, inductor, and capacitor.
Comparison of properties of Resistor, Inductor, and Capacitor:
SL
NO.

Resistor

Inductor

Capacitor

1.

Resistor mainly opposes the flow of
current.

Inductor mainly opposes the changes in
current flowing through it.

Capacitor mainly stores the electrical
energy for a short time.

2.

Resistor cannot store electrical energy.

Inductor can store electrical energy
in form of magnetic field.

Capacitor can store electrical energy
in form of charge.

3.

Resistor can block both AC and DC

Inductor can block only AC.

Capacitor can block only DC.

4.

Resistor creates electrical power loss

Inductor does not create electrical
power loss.

Capacitor does not create electrical
power loss.

5.

Opposition of flow of current of a
resistor does not depend upon the applied frequency.

Opposition of flow of current of an
inductor depends upon the applied frequency.

Opposition of flow of current of a
capacitor depends upon the applied frequency.

6.

The resistor can produce heat.

The inductor cannot produce heat.

The capacitor cannot produce heat.

7.

Resistor does not have any reactance property.

The Inductor has inductive reactance
property.

The Capacitor has capacitive reactance
property.

8.

The resistor creates unity power
factor.

The Inductor creates lagging power
factor.

The capacitor creates leading power
factor.

9.

The resistor cannot create phase
difference between current and voltage.

The Inductor can create phase
difference between current and voltage.

The capacitor can create phase
difference between current and voltage.

10.

The unit of resistance is Ohm.

The unit of Inductance is Henry

The unit of capacitance is farad.

11.

The resistor cannot improve power
factor.

The inductor can be used for
improvement of power factor for capacitive load.

The capacitor can be used for
improvement power factor for inductive load.

Read Also:
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 Which is more dangerous AC or DCExplained in details
 Why we use 220V, 50Hz AC at home instead of DC or other voltage? Full Explanation.
Resistor Properties:
A Resistor is an element which can oppose the flow of current in an electrical or electronic circuit.
The resistor is called a passive element because it has no need of power supply or biasing for its operation. An active element like Transistor need a power supply or biasing for its operation but passive elements have no need of power supply for their operation.
The resistor is a bidirectional element because it allows flowing the current both direction through it.
Generally, a resistor shows the linear conduction properties if the temperature is constant that means if we increase the voltage across it the flow of current also increased according to the voltage. There are nonlinear resistors are also available.
The resistor can losses electrical power by producing heat when it connected in an electrical or electronic circuit. The property of a resistor is called resistance. The effect of the resistor is the same in AC circuit as DC circuit.
The resistor has not any electrical energy storing property. The voltage and current always in the same phase for a purely resistive circuit. The resistor does not create any lagging or leading power factor, the power factor of pure resistive circuit always unity. As the resistor can produce heat that is why this property used for heating purpose.
Resistor Symbol:
Inductor Properties:
The Inductor is nothing but a coil of wire which opposes any change in current which flows through it. The Inductor is also a passive element which does not require a power supply or biasing for its operation. The inductor is a bidirectional element which allows the flow of current in both directions through it.
Electrical power loss does not occur in an inductor. The property of an inductor is called inductance. The inductor can oppose the flow of electrical current by creating selfinductance. The inductance property does not exist in the DC circuit. The inductor creates a lagging power factor when it connected in the AC circuit.
The current lags behind the voltage when it flowing through an inductor. The inductor can store electrical energy in form of magnetic field. The inductor cannot produce heat like a resistor.
Inductor Symbol:
Capacitor Properties:
The Capacitor is an element which can store electrical energy for a short time in form of charge.
The capacitor is a passive element which does not require a power supply or biasing for its operation.
The capacitor is also a bidirectional element which allows the flow of current in both directions through it. The capacitor does not electrical power loss. The property of a capacitor is called capacitance. The capacitor provides high resistance in DC circuit and low resistance in the AC circuit. The reactance property of a capacitor depends upon the applied frequency to the capacitor.
The capacitor creates a leading power factor when it connected in the AC circuit. The current leads behind the voltage when it flows through the capacitor. As the capacitor creates a leading power factor that is why it is used for power factor improvement. The capacitor can block the DC but allows the AC.
Capacitor Symbol:
Read Also:
 Resistance Formula  All Formulas and Equations Explain
 All Inductance Formula Analysis
 Capacitance Formula  All Formulas and Equations Explain
 Impedance Formula and Theory Explanation
 Electrical Power Theory and Formula Explanation
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Difference between properties of Resistor, Inductor, and Capacitor
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