What is Loading Effect in Measurement? Examples


What is Loading Effect?


In simple words, when the load affects the power source then it is called Loading effect. We know that a practical power source always has an internal resistance or impedance. When we connect a load with that power source the load impedance will affect the source impedance, usually, it reduces the supply voltage. In normal electrical circuits, the loading effect does not affect more or it can be negligible. But in the case of electrical measurement, it must be noted to get the accuracy for the measurement. So the loading effect in measurement is a very important factor and it cannot be neglected.

Loading Effect, what is loading effect, loading effect in measurement



Loading Effect Example


In an electrical measurement, the loading effect not only affects the power source even it affects the whole system. If we understand it with an example, it will be clear to us. So let's understand with an example. For example, a low-sensitivity voltameter is connected in parallel with the power source and load. Generally, the resistance of a good voltameter should be very high. But in case, if a low sensitivity voltmeter that has low resistance is connected in parallel with the system, it will lower the overall resistance of the circuit, so an error will occur.

Loading effect also occurs when a low effective impedance load circuit is connected to a power source that has high comparatively high impedance. This happens because the low load impedance lowers the overall circuit impedance so a high current will flow in the circuit.


Loading Effect in Ammeter


We know that a good ammeter has a very low internal resistance. The internal resistance indicates its sensitivity. If the internal resistance of the ammeter is very low then the sensitivity will very high but if the internal resistance is high the sensitivity will be low. So when a low sensitivity ammeter(that has high internal resistance) is connected in series between the power source and load, the overall resistance of the circuit will be increased that will lower the flow of current. So the ammeter cannot be able to measure the actual current flow or current consumption by the load.

For example, if we connect a 50ohm ammeter in series with a 100ohm circuit. The overall resistance of the circuit will be 150ohm that is 3 times greater than the internal resistance of the ammeter. So, definitely, it will impact the measurement of the current and voltage.


Loading Effect in Voltmeter


A good voltmeter is generally designed with high internal resistance. If the internal resistance of the voltmeter is very then the sensitivity also be very high but if the internal resistance is low then the sensitivity also be low. So if a low sensitivity voltmeter that has low internal resistance is connected in parallel with a circuit it will pass a very high current through it so the actual voltage of the circuit will be decreased. The voltameter will be not able to measure or show the actual voltage of the circuit.

So, now you can understand what is loading effect is and how the loading effect affects the measurement.

The loading effect not only happen with measurement but it also happens with transistor and amplifier. The loading effect in transistor reduces the amplification capacity of the transistor or switching speed whereas the loading effect in amplifier mostly happens when a load means a speaker is connected.


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What is Loading Effect in Measurement? Examples What is Loading Effect in Measurement? Examples Reviewed by Author on 1/20/2022 Rating: 5
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