What is RCBO? Full Form, Function, Application, Use


What is RCBO, Full Form, Function, Application, Use


RCBO is an electrical protective that gives protection against leakage current fault, electrical shock, over current fault, and short circuit fault. The full form of RCBO is Residual Current Breaker with Overcurrent. RCBO is the combination of MCB and RCCB. An MCB gives protection against overload fault and short circuit fault. An RCCB or RCD gives protection against leakage current fault. But an RCBO provides the function for both of these devices.

In an electrical circuit, overcurrent fault and short circuit fault is a very important factor. But the leakage current fault cannot be negligible. Leakage current fault causes a huge power loss, unwanted heating, electrical shock. Leakage current fault generally happens due to insulation failure, sweating, water falling, etc. So, the protection against leakage current fault is also very important, in fact, it is must require.

In some application areas such as medical appliances, house wirings, water pumps, we need to provide protection against all the electrical faults such as short circuits, overcurrent, and leakage current. We have two options to do that either using two devices such as an MCB and an RCCB or a single device that is RCBO.


RCBO Function


The main functions of RCBO are,
  • It gives protection against short circuit fault
  • It gives protection against over-current or overload fault.
  • It gives protection against leakage current fault, electrical shock, etc.
  • It can give protection against current imbalance.
  • It automatically breaks the circuit when the flow of current through it exceeds a certain level.
  • RCBO is compact and more sensitive than MCBs and RCCB or RCDs.


Difference between RCCB and RCBO


RCCB means Residual Current Circuit Breaker whereas RCBO means Residual Current Breaker with Overcurrent. In a balanced electrical power system, equal current flows in all the conductors. There is no unbalance current. But, in an unbalance electrical power system, unequal current flows in the circuit. The difference between unequal current is considered as residual current. An RCCB only gives protection against leakage current fault. It cannot give protection against short circuit fault and overload or overcurrent fault. But the RCBO give protection against all leakage current faults, overcurrent fault, and short circuit fault.


Difference between MCB and RCBO


MCB means Miniature Circuit Breaker. MCB is the most usable compact circuit breaker used in low voltage and low current electrical circuits. MCB can give protection against overload and short circuit fault. But it can not disconnect the circuit when a leakage current occurs. On the other hand, the RCBO gives protection as the MCB provides, but additionally, it provides the function of RCD or RCCB, that is leakage current fault.


Application and Uses of RCBO


1. Nowadays, almost all house wirings contain an RCBO for electrical safety.

2. RCBO used for industrial protection systems, hospital wirings, hotel wirings, etc.

3. RCBO is used where all short circuit protection, overload protection, and leakage current protection are required. It is best to use a single RCBO than using an MCB and an RCCB together.


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What is RCBO? Full Form, Function, Application, Use What is RCBO? Full Form, Function, Application, Use Reviewed by Author on 12/10/2021 Rating: 5
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