Why PIV rating is very IMPORTANT when purchasing a Diode?


choose PIV rating of Diode


Hey, today we are going to know why PIV(Peak Inverse Voltage) rating is very important when purchasing a diode. The main function of the PN Junction diode is to allow the flow of current in one direction only. A diode should act as a very good conductor for forward current and good insulator for reverse current. The main objective of using PN junction diode in any electrical or electronic circuit is to allow the flow of current in one direction and block the flow of current in the opposite direction. So, if we choose the wrong PIV rating, our objective will not be fulfilled.


Peak Inverse Voltage(PIV) of Diode


The maximum reverse voltage that can withstand by a Diode safely is called Peak Inverse Voltage(PIV). When the reverse voltage applied to a PN Junction Diode, it does not allow the flow of current. But if we apply a large reverse voltage across the diode it goes to break down and start allowing current to flow through it. In fact, a huge amount of current will flow, when a diode goes to breakdown.

Remember that, when you going to use a diode in a circuit, always calculate the maximum reverse voltage and select the diode for that circuit whose PIV rating is greater than the maximum reverse voltage.

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How to Choose PIV Rating of Diode


When going to choosing PIV rating, it should be kept in mind that the PIV rating must be greater than the reverse voltage which is to be applied across the diode. Let's understand with an example.

Suppose we want to make a half-wave rectifier circuit using PN junction Diode for 220V AC. The peak value of 220V AC is 311.08V. So, during the negative half cycle of the AC supply, 311.08V reverse voltage will be applied to the diode. So the PIV rating of the diode must be greater than 311.08V. It is good practice to always select the PIV rating double of the maximum reverse voltage.

In this case, the maximum reverse voltage is 311.08V. The PIV rating should be doubled that means, 311.08*2= 622.16V is the perfect PIV rating. 622.16V PIV rating diode not available in the market, so we can use 1N4006 whose PIV rating is 800V.


Here, PIV Rating with Diode Number is given which will help you to buy a perfect Diode for your Electrical or Electronic Circuit.

Diode Number or Rating
PIV Rating
1N4001
50V
1N4002
100V
1N4003
200V
1N4004
400V
1N4005
600V
1N4006
800V
1N4007
1000V


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Why PIV rating is very IMPORTANT when purchasing a Diode? Why PIV rating is very IMPORTANT when purchasing a Diode? Reviewed by Author on 1/13/2020 Rating: 5
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