[Explained] Electronic Ballast Circuit Diagram and Working


Electronic Ballast, Electronic Ballast working principle




Here you will find the electronic ballast circuit diagram with the explanation of the working principle. Here I have given the circuit diagram of Electronic Ballast with proper indication and explained each part of the circuit. Here you also find the block diagram of electronic ballast which will help you too much to understand the electronic ballast circuit.





Electronic Ballast Block Diagram



There are many manufacturing companies who make electronic ballasts. Their circuit diagrams of electronic ballast different. But all of them maintain the actual block diagram of the electronic ballast.  If you completely understand the block diagram then you can easily understand the electronic ballast circuit of any company. The simple block diagram of the electronic ballast is given below.


Electronic Ballast Circuit, Electronic Ballast block diagram



As you see in the above figure there are a total of five blocks in the block diagram of the electronic ballast. Generally, all the electronic ballasts follows that block diagram.

Block 1: Block 1 represents the EMI(Electromagnetic Interference) filter. EMI filter consists of some inductor and capacitor which block or reduces the electromagnetic interference.

Block 2: Block 2 represents the rectifier circuit. The rectifier circuit is used to convert AC to DC.

Block 3: Block 3 represents the DC filter circuit. The DC filter circuit consists of Capacitor which filters the impure DC coming from the rectifier circuit.

Block 4: Block 4 represents the inverter circuit. In this block, the DC is converted into high-frequency AC, and there is a step up transformer which increases the voltage level.

Block 5: Block 5 represents the control circuit, which takes feedback from the output and controls the rectifier, filter, and inverter circuits. Most of the electronic ballasts have not this block.




Circuit Diagram of Electronic Ballast






Here you can see the circuit diagram of Electronic Ballast. Each block is indicated. EMI filter, Rectifier, DC filter, Inverter are shown in this circuit diagram. To know the working of this circuit read the working principle section.


Electronic Ballast Circuit Diagram, Circuit Diagram of Electronic Ballast



Working Principle of Electronic Ballast



As you see in the above circuit diagram of electronic ballast, first a series resistor is connected. It is connected to limit the overload and short circuit current. In some electronic ballast, a fuse is used instead of a series resistor. This resistor has a very low value up to 22 Ohm.

Next, an electromagnetic interference filter circuit is connected. The EMI filter consists of one inductor in series and one capacitor in parallel.

Then a bridge rectifier circuit is used to convert AC to DC. The Bridge Rectifier Circuit consists of four PN Junction Diode.

A Capacitor is connected in parallel for filtering purpose of impure DC coming from the rectifier circuit.

An inverter circuit using two transistors are used. The transistors create high-frequency AC and give to the step-up transformer. The frequency created in electronic ballast 20 KHz to 80 KHz. Generally, the transistor creates a square wave AC signal. The step-up transformer increases the voltage level up to 1000V. At the starting time, the voltage across the tube light is 1000V. Once the tube light glows the voltage across it decrease to 230V and the electronic ballast allow to flow a low current to the tube light.






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[Explained] Electronic Ballast Circuit Diagram and Working [Explained] Electronic Ballast Circuit Diagram and Working Reviewed by ETechnoG on 11:53 Rating: 5
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