What inside a mobile charger,How a Mobile Charger works


What inside a mobile charger,How a Mobile Charger works,Working of a Mobile Charger, mobile charger working principle


Working of a Mobile Charger:

                          For the reason of smaller in size, the mobile charger has a different charging circuit than a normal battery charger circuit. Modern mobile chargers work like SMPS (Switch Mode Power Supply). This type of charger can work at 110v-230v, 50Hz-60Hz. The working of a simple mobile charger described step by step below. We have described the working of the mobile charger circuit which shown in below picture.



1. At first, the 220-230v AC supply passes through the bridge rectifier which made by four diodes and then it rectified by the bridge rectifier.

2.  The DC output is filtrated by a capacitor.

3.  Then 220-230v DC passing through the two transistors and being converted into a high-frequency AC signal.

4. The high-frequency AC signals again passing through capacitors for power factor correction and filter which increases the efficiency of the circuit.

5. Then the filtrate high-frequency AC signal goes to the pulse transformer which steps down the voltage to 5v.


What inside a mobile charger,How a Mobile Charger works,Working of a Mobile Charger, mobile charger working principle


6. The 5v AC is converted to DC by a diode.

7. The DC output is filtrated by a capacitor.

8. Then the pure DC is supplied to mobile for charge the battery.


                               As the size of the transformer and capacitance are inversely proportional to the frequency, at first the supply AC voltage converted to DC and again it converted to High-frequency AC signal.  This process helps to reduce the size of the charger.

This was the simple working principle of a Mobile Charger.


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What inside a mobile charger,How a Mobile Charger works What inside a mobile charger,How a Mobile Charger works Reviewed by ETechnoG on 12:05 Rating: 5
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